Author

Stored Procedure in MySQL

Image

by Samarth Sinha on 2017-05-08 06:49:00

Stored Procedure

A procedure (often called a stored procedure) is a subroutine like a subprogram in a regular computing language, stored in database. A procedure has a name, a parameter list, and SQL statement(s). All most all relational database system supports stored procedure, MySQL 5 introduce stored procedure.

Why Stored Procedures?

  • Stored procedures are fast. MySQL server takes some advantage of caching, just as prepared statements do. The main speed gain comes from reduction of network traffic. If you have a repetitive task that requires checking, looping, multiple statements, and no user interaction, do it with a single call to a procedure that's stored on the server.
  • Stored procedures are portable. When you write your stored procedure in SQL, you know that it will run on every platform that MySQL runs on, without obliging you to install an additional runtime-environment package, or set permissions for program execution in the operating system, or deploy different packages if you have different computer types. That's the advantage of writing in SQL rather than in an external language like Java or C or PHP.

Creating Procedures

CREATE
    [DEFINER = { user | CURRENT_USER }]
    FUNCTION sp_name ([func_parameter[,...]])
    RETURNS type
    [characteristic ...] routine_body

proc_parameter:
    [ IN | OUT | INOUT ] param_name type

func_parameter:
    param_name type

type:
    Any valid MySQL data type

Viewer Comments (1)

About the Author

  • avatar
    Samarth Sinha

    My name Samarth Sinha. I work on developing Web Applications using PHP and MySQL and in different frameworks of PHP like Laravel, CakePHP, CodeIgnitor and Smarty. In databases I have worked in MySQL and Postgres. I started this blog to share my knowledge to those who wants to start developing Web Applications using PHP.